From the U.S. Code Online via GPO Access
[wais.access.gpo.gov]
[Laws in effect as of January 7, 2003]
[Document not affected by Public Laws enacted between
  January 7, 2003 and February 12, 2003]
[CITE: 48USC1561]

 
              TITLE 48--TERRITORIES AND INSULAR POSSESSIONS
 
                       CHAPTER 12--VIRGIN ISLANDS
 
                      SUBCHAPTER II--BILL OF RIGHTS
 
Sec. 1561. Rights and prohibitions

    No law shall be enacted in the Virgin Islands which shall deprive 
any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law or 
deny to any person therein equal protection of the laws.
    In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to be 
represented by counsel for his defense, to be informed of the nature and 
cause of the accusation, to have a copy thereof, to have a speedy, and 
public trial, to be confronted with the witnesses against him, and to 
have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor.
    No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense without due 
process of law, and no person for the same offense shall be twice put in 
jeopardy of punishment, nor shall be compelled in any criminal cause to 
give evidence against himself; nor shall any person sit as judge or 
magistrate in any case in which he has been engaged as attorney or 
prosecutor.
    All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties in the case of 
criminal offenses, except for first-degree murder or any capital offense 
when the proof is evident or the presumption great.
    Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, 
nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted.
    No law impairing the obligation of contracts shall be enacted.
    No person shall be imprisoned or shall suffer forced labor for debt.
    All persons shall have the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus 
and the same shall not be suspended except as herein expressly provided.
    No ex post facto law or bill of attainder shall be enacted.
    Private property shall not be taken for public use except upon 
payment of just compensation ascertained in the manner provided by law.
    The right to be secure against unreasonable searches and seizures 
shall not be violated.
    No warrant for arrest or search shall issue, but upon probable 
cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the 
place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.
    Slavery shall not exist in the Virgin Islands.
    Involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the 
party shall have been duly convicted by a court of law, shall not exist 
in the Virgin Islands.
    No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech or of the 
press or the right of the people peaceably to assembly \1\ and petition 
the government for the redress of grievances.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ So in original. Probably should be ``assemble''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion or 
prohibiting the free exercise thereof.
    No person who advocates, or who aids or belongs to any party, 
organization, or association which advocates, the overthrow by force or 
violence of the government of the Virgin Islands or of the United States 
shall be qualified to hold any office of trust or profit under the 
government of the Virgin Islands.
    No money shall be paid out of the Virgin Islands treasury except in 
accordance with an Act of Congress or money bill of the legislature and 
on warrant drawn by the proper officer.
    The contracting of polygamous or plural marriages is prohibited.
    The employment of children under the age of sixteen years in any 
occupation injurious to health or morals or hazardous to life or limb is 
prohibited.
    Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to limit the 
power of the legislature herein provided to enact laws for the 
protection of life, the public health, or the public safety.
    No political or religious test other than an oath to support the 
Constitution and the laws of the United States applicable to the Virgin 
Islands, and the laws of the Virgin Islands, shall be required as a 
qualification to any office or public trust under the Government of the 
Virgin Islands.
    The following provisions of and amendments to the Constitution of 
the United States are hereby extended to the Virgin Islands to the 
extent that they have not been previously extended to that territory and 
shall have the same force and effect there as in the United States or in 
any State of the United States: article I, section 9, clauses 2 and 3; 
article IV, section 1 and section 2, clause 1; article VI, clause 3; the 
first to ninth amendments inclusive; the thirteenth amendment; the 
second sentence of section 1 of the fourteenth amendment; and the 
fifteenth and nineteenth amendments: Provided, however, That all 
offenses against the laws of the United States and the laws of the 
Virgin Islands which are prosecuted in the district court pursuant to 
sections \2\ 1612(a) and (c) of this title may be had by indictment by 
grand jury or by information, and that all offenses against the laws of 
the Virgin Islands which are prosecuted in the district court pursuant 
to section 1612(b) of this title or in the courts established by local 
law shall continue to be prosecuted by information, except such as may 
be required by local law to be prosecuted by indictment by grand jury.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ So in original. Probably should be ``section''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    All laws enacted by Congress with respect to the Virgin Islands and 
all laws enacted by the territorial legislature of the Virgin Islands 
which are inconsistent with the provisions of this subsection \2\ are 
repealed to the extent of such inconsistency.

(July 22, 1954, ch. 558, Sec. 3, 68 Stat. 497; Pub. L. 85-851, Sec. 1, 
Aug. 28, 1958, 72 Stat. 1094; Pub. L. 90-496, Sec. 11, Aug. 23, 1968, 82 
Stat. 841; Pub. L. 98-213, Sec. 5(d), Dec. 8, 1983, 97 Stat. 1460; Pub. 
L. 98-454, title VII, Sec. 701, Oct. 5, 1984, 98 Stat. 1737.)

                       References in Text

    This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original ``this Act'', 
meaning act July 22, 1954, ch. 558, 68 Stat. 497, as amended, known as 
the Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands, which is classified 
principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to 
the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1541 of this title 
and Tables.


                               Amendments

    1984--Pub. L. 98-454 substituted provisions to the effect that 
offenses prosecuted under section 1612(a) and (c) of this title shall be 
prosecuted by indictment or information while those prosecuted under 
section 1612(b) of this title shall be prosecuted by information only, 
for provisions which provided that all prosecutions would be by 
information except where provided otherwise by local laws in the proviso 
in penultimate par.
    1983--Pub. L. 98-213 inserted ``article VI, clause 3;'' in 
penultimate par.
    1968--Pub. L. 90-496 inserted provisions extending to the Virgin 
Islands the enumerated provisions of and amendments to the Constitution 
of the United States, and provisions repealing, to the extent of any 
inconsistency, all laws enacted by Congress with respect to the Virgin 
Islands and all laws enacted by the territorial legislature of the 
Virgin Islands which are inconsistent with the provisions of this 
section.
    1958--Pub. L. 85-851 prohibited political or religious test but 
required loyalty oath as qualification to any office or public trust.


                    Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

    Amendment by Pub. L. 98-454 effective on ninetieth day following 
Oct. 5, 1984, see section 1005 of Pub. L. 98-454, set out as a note 
under section 1424 of this title.


                    Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

    Section 11 of Pub. L. 90-496 provided that the amendment made by 
that section is effective on date of enactment of Pub. L. 90-496, which 
was approved Aug. 23, 1968.